Canada and the United States  

Partners, Allies, and Friends: Canada and the United States enjoy a unique bilateral relationship — A partnership forged by shared geography, similar values, common interests, deep connections and powerful, multi-layered economic ties. Here are four sectors where we co-operate, sharing common goals and interests:



  • Canadians and Americans share the closest energy relationship in the world.
  • Canada is currently the leading and most secure, reliable, and competitive energy supplier to the United States.
  •  Canada also imports a significant amount of energy from the U.S., particularly electricity and natural gas.
  • The U.S. and Canada share an integrated electricity grid and supply almost all of each other’s electricity
  • Canada is committed to making its energy production cleaner by increasing energy efficiency, expanding renewable energy production and reducing environmental impacts from conventional sources

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  • Canada and the U.S. are the world’s largest trading partners with $632 billion in goods and services in 2013.
  • Canada is the U.S.’s largest customer – purchasing more U.S. goods than China, Japan and the U.K. combined.
  • More than 8 million U.S. jobs depend on trade and investment with Canada. We exchange approximately $1.4 million in goods and services every minute.
  • Canadian-owned companies in 17,000 locations across the U.S. employ more than 619,000 Americans.
  • Canada’s trade relationship with Pennsylvania is particularly strong. 315,800 jobs in the Keystone state depend on trade with Canada.
  • $23.1 billion worth of goods were traded between Canada and Pennsylvania last year.

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  • Canadians and Americans breathe the same air, drink the same water, and share the same responsibility to ensure that future generations have a safe, clean and healthy continent.
  • Stewardship of our shared environment is a key element of the Canada-U.S. relationship as our countries work together to anticipate and address environmental challenges.
  • Canada and the United States have at least 50 federal bilateral arrangements concerning the environment, and over 100 arrangements at the state and provincial level.
  • Canada has pledged to reduce our total greenhouse gas emissions by 17% by 2020.
  • More than 300 rivers and lakes lie along, or flow across, our shared border.

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Border Security and Defense


  • The United States is Canada’s most important security and defense partner.
  • Security and Defense relations between the two countries are longstanding, well-entrenched and highly successful.
  • This relationship reflects a unique friendship, underpinned by common values and close economic interdependence that has evolved over the course of the last century.
  • Canada and the U.S. share a land border over 5,500 miles in length.
  • 400,000 people cross our shared border each day.

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